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Holistic Family Mediation Blog

Navigating the New UK Family Proceedings Rules: Embracing Non-Court Dispute Resolution (NCDR)

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The landscape of family law is undergoing significant transformation with the introduction of the Family Procedure (Amendment No 2) Rules 2023 in the UK.

These changes herald a pivotal shift towards non-court dispute resolution (NCDR), aiming to resolve family disputes more efficiently and amicably.

This blog post delves into key amendments, underscoring their potential impact on the dynamics of family law proceedings.

Emphasis on Non-Court Dispute Resolution (NCDR):

Central to the amendments is the expansion of NCDR’s definition and scope. The definition of NCDR has been widened to mean ‘methods of resolving a dispute other than through the court process, including but not limited to mediation, arbitration, evaluation by a neutral third party (such as a private FDR process) and collaborative law.’

By encouraging parties to consider alternatives beyond litigation, the amendments pave the way for swifter, more cost-effective resolutions. This shift acknowledges the critical role of NCDR in alleviating the emotional and financial strain often associated with family disputes.

Advantages of Emphasis on NCDR:

  1. Cost-Effectiveness: NCDR methods often incur lower costs than traditional court litigation, leading to reduced legal fees and faster resolutions.

  2. Speed of Resolution: NCDR can lead to quicker settlements without the need to wait for court dates, availability of judges and lengthy legal procedures.

  3. Privacy and Confidentiality: NCDR processes are typically private and confidential, allowing parties to avoid public disclosure of sensitive information.

  4. Control Over the Process: Parties have more control over the resolution process and outcomes in NCDR, with the flexibility to choose mediators or arbitrators. It will be a bespoke service.

  5. Preservation of Relationships: NCDR methods focus on cooperation and communication, preserving relationships, particularly beneficial in disputes involving children.

Disadvantages of Emphasis on NCDR:

  1. Lack of Legal Precedent: Decisions made through NCDR may not establish legal precedents as it does via the court system, which can be a disadvantage for establishing broader legal principles.

  2. Potential for Power Imbalances: NCDR may not offer sufficient protection in situations with significant power imbalances between parties.

  3. Enforceability Issues: While agreements reached through NCDR can be converted into legally binding agreements and orders, enforcing them will require additional legal steps.

  4. Not Suitable for All Disputes: NCDR may not be appropriate for disputes involving complex assets and legal questions or in cases where there are genuine concerns regarding non-disclosure or dissipation of financial assets/resources and/or significant safeguarding concerns. It will not be suitable if parties are uncooperative.



Enhanced Role of MIAMs:

The amendments elevate the significance of Mediation Information and Assessment Meetings (MIAMs) to promote NCDR. MIAM providers will continue to play a crucial role in guiding parties towards the most suitable NCDR option for their circumstances, ensuring informed decision-making before any court action.

Domestic Abuse Considerations:

The amendments broaden the definition of domestic abuse and emphasise awareness of its complexities. While exemptions from MIAMs remain intact, the focus on domestic abuse ensures appropriate support for individuals in such situations.

Early Exploration of NCDR:

Parties are encouraged to discuss NCDR options before initiating court proceedings, promoting transparency and collaboration from the outset.

Enhanced Judicial Discretion:

Judges possess greater latitude to suggest alternative dispute resolution processes, empowering the court to adopt a proactive stance in steering parties towards amicable agreements.

Financial Implications:

Reluctance to engage in NCDR without valid justification and just cause may lead to adverse cost consequences, incentivising parties to consider and pursue NCDR before litigation.

Implementation and Amendments:

The Family Procedure (Amendment No 2) Rules 2023 (SI 2023/1324) will come into force partly on 8th April 2024 and partly on 29th April 2024. Among the key amendments include the widening of NCDR definition as set out above (FPR 2.3(1)(b)), the imposition of statutory requirements at MIAMs (Part 3.9(2)(e)), and the provision for court-encouraged adjournments for NCDR (FPR 3.4(1A)). Additionally, rule 28.3(7) has been amended to consider non-compliance with MIAMs or NCDR when determining orders for costs in financial remedy proceedings.

In addition to the above, the amendments include modifications or removals of certain exemptions from the requirement to attend a MIAM. Furthermore, the court will now consider whether a validly claimed MIAM exemption remains applicable.


The Family Procedure (Amendment No 2) Rules 2023 signify a paradigm shift towards a more NCDR-centric approach in resolving family disputes. By fostering collaboration, advocating for early exploration of alternatives, and granting enhanced judicial discretion, these amendments aim to streamline the resolution process, reduce costs (both financial and emotional), and secure better outcomes for all involved.

As family law continues to evolve, these changes represent a significant step forward in adapting to the needs and realities of modern families.

In practice, MIAM providers will not experience significant changes in how MIAMs are conducted. The new FPR essentially mirror the expectations and procedures already established for all MIAM providers through the Family Mediation Council’s MIAM Standards and Guidance, which took effect in October 2022. Essentially, the new rules impose a statutory requirement that aligns with the existing practices already in place, effective from April 2024.

The new rules will have a greater impact on how family lawyers conduct their caseloads and advise their clients regarding the options available to them to resolve legal family disputes. It will also affect the judiciary, who will be required to take a more robust approach to cases before them and have a closer focus on encouraging parties to consider NCDR options.

NB: Since drafting this blog post in a recent decision (March 2024), the England and Wales Family Court emphasised the significance of parties attempting to resolve disputes outside of court proceedings.

This ruling follows a notable financial remedy dispute where parties failed to explore non-court dispute resolution options before initiating litigation. Presiding Judge Knowles expressed astonishment at this oversight and outlined guidelines emphasising the preference for amicable resolution, particularly in family disputes concerning finances or children.

With changes to the Family Procedure Rules as set out above, Knowles stressed the court's authority to encourage non-court dispute resolution, including the ability to incentivise mediation during natural breaks in proceedings.

Failure to comply with requirements such as attending MIAMs may result in cost penalties. Drawing from the case of Churchill v Merthyr Tydfil, Knowles highlighted the court's capacity to compel litigants to engage in non-court dispute resolution, emphasising the active role of the court in assessing the suitability of such methods throughout proceedings.

This ruling signifies a shift towards promoting amicable resolutions in family disputes within the English and Welsh legal system, with parties involved in financial remedy and children proceedings expected to face heightened scrutiny regarding their efforts towards non-court resolution.

If you are curious about how Holistic Family Mediation & Coaching can help support you and your family through separation and/or divorce, you may wish to consider our FAQs page for more information and/or book in a Free Discovery Call via our services page.

If you'd like personalised support on your separation and/or divorce journey, I'm here for you as your dedicated holistic life coach. Let's navigate this path together with grace and empowerment. Please complete and submit the Coaching Referral Form and pay for coaching either on a pay as you go basis for individual sessions or purchase a package of six for the price of five sessions via our services page here.

Alternatively, if you are ready to get the ball rolling with my family mediation service, please complete and submit a Self-Referral Form and book your initial separate Mediation Information & Assessment Meeting (MIAM) online.

We will then get in touch with your ex-partner (unless requested to hold off any communication at this stage) to encourage them to engage in the process highlighting the benefits of family mediation - low cost, staying in control and to have a quicker resolution compared to court based proceedings.



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